Types of Rhino

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While the Rhinoceros has been in the media spotlight for quite some time now, especially in Southern Africa where poaching has become a major threat to their existence the species as a whole has a broader history and base in Africa than a lot of us realize.

Firstly, there are two main species of Rhinoceros; the white ‘Ceratotherium simum’ and the black ‘Diceros bicornis’, each of which have their own unique characteristics, habits traits and sub-species. The White Rhino species’ are generally bigger than their black counterparts, and are found in parts of Southern Africa and The Democratic Republic of Congo, where as the Black Rhino is more common in South Western parts of Africa like Namibia and South Africa, as well as Parts of Kenya and Tanzania.

As to the physical differences between the two (apart from the obviously stated colour distinction), the dissimilarity is varied. White Rhino are known to have a slightly humped back where the Black Rhino’s back shows signs of being hollow, or indented. The lips and ears of the two are also vastly different to suit their specific needs. The Black Rhino has a sharper upper lip and more rounded or trumpet-like ears to the White Rhino’s Square jaw and sharp ears.

It is estimated that less than 4800 Black and far less White (although the numbers on the Southern White Rhino are unclear, it is said to be well under the accepted level for classification as a threatemed species, a staggeringly low number of Northern White Rhino’s are said to still live) Rhino’s still exist, and it is clear to everyone that the future of this species is unclear. However, efforts to restore them to their previous state are underway, and every bit of help will be necessary to keep these numbers from dropping.


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